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J Med Chem. 1997 Apr 11;40(8):1252-7.

N-[2-[(substituted chroman-8-yl)oxy]ethyl]-4-(4-methoxyphenyl)butylamines: synthesis and wide range of antagonism at the human 5-HT1A receptor.

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Institute for Drug Discovery Research, Yamanouchi Pharmaceutical Company, Ltd., Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.


A series of N-[2-[(substituted chroman-8-yl)oxy]ethyl]-4-(4-methoxyphenyl)butylamines was prepared and examined for their 5-HT1A receptor antagonist activity. The parent compound 3a and seven analogs bearing five kinds of substituents on the chroman ring were prepared from the corresponding 8-hydroxychroman intermediates. Radioligand binding assays proved the compounds 3a-h to have high affinity for the rat hippocampal 5-HT1A receptor with varied selectivity for adrenaline alpha1 and dopamine D2 receptors. Their antagonism was evaluated in a forskolin-stimulated adenylate cyclase assay performed with CHO cells expressing the human 5-HT1A receptor. Among the series, the C6-fluoro analog 3c showed both extremely potent affinity (Ki = 0.22 nM) and antagonism (EC50 = 13 nM) for the 5-HT1A receptor. Correlation analysis using substituent descriptors revealed a linear and negative correlation between molar refractivity of the C6-substituent and the binding affinity expressed in pKi.

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