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FEBS Lett. 1997 Apr 7;406(1-2):191-5.

Effect of various glycosidase treatments on the resistance of the HIV-1 envelope to degradation.

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CNRS, UMR 6560, IFR Jean Roche, Faculté de Médecine Nord, Marseille, France.


Using a CD4-binding assay to assess the conformation of the human immunodeficiency virus envelope glycoprotein (CHO+ Env), we studied the effect of treatment with various glycosidases on the stability of Env in denaturing environments and in biological media: cleavage from Env of either high-mannose-type glycans (HMT- Env) by endoglycosidase H or sialic acid residues (Sial- Env) by sialidase did not alter Env stability whereas its complete deglycosylation (CHO- Env) by N-glycanase had a large effect. The influence of glycan removal on Env sensitivity to proteases was also studied. Thrombin cleavage within V3 was affected by N-glycanase treatment; both HMT- Env and CHO- Env displayed an increased sensitivity to other endoproteases. Thus, partial deglycosylation increases Env sensitivity to proteases but only its total deglycosylation alters its stability.

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