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AIDS. 1997 Apr;11(5):587-95.

Enhancement or inhibition of HIV-1 replication by intracellular expression of sense or antisense RNA targeted at different intermediates of reverse transcription.

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National Centre for HIV Virology Research, University of Adelaide, South Australia.



To construct retroviral vectors expressing sense or antisense RNA targeted at HIV reverse transcription intermediates, and to test the anti-HIV properties of these constructs in transduced T cells.


Five double-copy retroviral vectors were constructed, in which the expression of the sense or antisense RNA corresponding to HIV minus- or plus-strand strong-stop DNA was driven by the human tRNA(met) promoter.


The templates for the sense or antisense RNA were polymerase chain reaction-cloned from HIV pNL43 into a murine leukaemia virus-based vector and corresponding defective virions were packaged in PA317 cells. Human Jurkat T cells transduced with these vectors were challenged with HIV and monitored for viral RNA, viral DNA and p24 production for 23 weeks.


Intracellular expression of HIV sense RU5 sequences (RNA complementary to minus-strand strong-stop DNA) enhanced HIV replication in T cells. Expression of HIV sense or antisense U3RU5 sequences (identical or complementary to plus-strand strong-stop DNA) conferred long-term inhibition of HIV replication, despite continuous presence of viral challenge in the transduced cell cultures.


Plus-strand strong-stop DNA as an intermediate in the early process of viral reverse transcription can be explored as an additional target for anti-HIV gene therapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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