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Blood. 1997 Apr 15;89(8):2701-5.

Interleukin-10 inhibits activation of coagulation and fibrinolysis during human endotoxemia.

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Laboratory of Experimental Internal Medicine and Center for Hemostasis, Thrombosis, Atherosclerosis and Inflammation Research, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


Interleukin-10 (IL-10) has been found to inhibit lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced tissue factor expression by monocytes in vitro. To determine the effects of IL-10 on LPS-induced activation of the hemostatic mechanisms in vivo, we performed a placebo-controlled, cross-over study of human endotoxemia. Two groups of eight volunteers were challenged with LPS (4 ng/kg) on two occasions: once in conjunction with placebo, and once with recombinant human IL-10 (rhIL-10; 25 microg/kg). In group 1, placebo or rhIL-10 was given 2 minutes before LPS challenge, group 2 received placebo or rhIL-10 1 hour after LPS administration. Pretreatment with rhIL-10 reduced both LPS-induced activation of the fibrinolytic system (plasma concentrations of tissue type plasminogen activator, plasmin-alpha2-antiplasmin complexes, and D-dimer), and inhibition of fibrinolysis (plasma levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor 1), whereas posttreatment only inhibited the latter response. Both IL-10 pre- and posttreatment attenuated activation of the coagulation system (plasma levels of prothrombin fragment F1 + 2 and thrombin-antithrombin complexes). These results indicate that rhIL-10, besides its well-described inhibitory effects on cytokine release, potently modulates the fibrinolytic system and inhibits the coagulant responses during endotoxemia.

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