Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Chemother. 1997 Feb;9(1):17-22.

Inhibition of intracellular growth of Staphylococcus aureus by exposure of infected human monocytes to clarithromycin and azithromycin.

Author information

  • 1Chair of Chemotherapy, University of Pavia, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Italy.


The direct effect of clarithromycin and azithromycin on human polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) functions and their intracellular activity against Staphylococcus aureus, phagocytosed by human monocytes, were studied. The presence of both antibiotics, in the range of concentrations from 0.25 to 20 micrograms/ml, did not affect chemotaxis, opsonized-zymosan phagocytosis, respiratory burst measured by nitroblue tetrazolium reduction and phorbol myristate acetate-induced superoxide production, or the microbicidal activity of human PMNs against Candida albicans. Both macrolides were bactericidal against staphylococci in the monocyte system, while bacteriostatic activity was found in cell free system. At concentrations equal to the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) (0.75 and 0.1 respectively for azithromycin and clarithromycin) more than 99% of intraphagocytic S. aureus were killed after 24 h incubation. Increasing the concentrations of each drug above the MICs (5 and 10 MICs) did not alter the killing rate of intracellular bacteria. Moreover, no differences between the intracellular bioactivity of these antibiotics were demonstrated, despite their different uptake kinetics.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Taylor & Francis
    Loading ...
    Support Center