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J Dent. 1997 Mar;25(2):97-105.

Assessment of the periapical and clinical status of crowned teeth over 25 years.

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1
Department of Prosthetic Dentistry and Stomatognathic Physiology, Dental Faculty, University of Oslo, Norway.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of this study was to examine radiographically changes in the periapical status and compare the clinical status of teeth with a vital pulp and root-filled teeth restored with crowns and bridge retainers during 25 years.

METHODS:

During 1967/68, 114 patients received prosthodontic treatment by senior dental students at the Oslo Dental Faculty. In all, 291 teeth with a vital pulp and 106 root-filled teeth were restored with 158 prostheses. All root-filled teeth were restored with a cast dowel and core. The casts were made in a type-3 gold alloy, and cemented with zinc phosphate cement. Forty-six teeth were restored with crowns and 351 teeth with bridge retainers. Radiographs were taken preoperatively, immediately after cementation, and every fifth year. Two independent observers assessed the periapical status on the radiographs according to the PAI-index. At the 25 years examination, 32 patients (28%) with 101 restored teeth (24%) remained in the study. Survival rates of the prostheses and of the restored teeth were estimated using Kaplan-Meyer non-parametric statistics.

RESULTS:

The PAI-score of the periapical status deteriorated in 13 vital and four root-filled teeth. The survival rates of the fixed prostheses were not influenced by the pulp vitality of the restored tooth at the baseline. The survival rates of the restored teeth with a vital pulp and of the root-filled teeth were similar. Clinical failures were recorded on approximately one-third of the restored teeth. The main reason for tooth failure was caries (12%), and for the teeth with a vital pulp also pulpal deterioration (10%). Estimates of the proportions of crowned teeth with a vital pulp that will remain free from signs and symptoms of pulpal deterioration were 98% after five years, 92% after 10 years, 87% after 20 years and 83% after 25 years.

CONCLUSIONS:

The incidence of periapical lesions on radiographs of crowned teeth was low during 25 years observation. Crowned, root-filled teeth with a high quality endodontic treatment and an optimal morphology of the dowel and core have a similar survival rate as crowned teeth with a vital pulp. A high proportion of crowned teeth with a vital pulp will remain free from signs and symptoms of pulpal deterioration over 25 years.

PMID:
9105139
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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