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J Appl Physiol (1985). 1997 Apr;82(4):1185-9.

Effects of diet on muscle triglyceride and endurance performance.

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1
Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana 47306, USA.

Abstract

The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of diet on muscle triglyceride and endurance performance. Seven endurance-trained men completed a 120-min cycling bout at 65% of maximal oxygen uptake. Each subject then ingested an isocaloric high-carbohydrate (Hi-CHO; 83% of energy) or a high-fat (Hi-Fat; 68% of energy) diet for the ensuing 12 h. After a 12-h overnight fast, a 1,600-kJ self-paced cycling bout was completed. Muscle triglyceride measured before (33.0 +/- 2.3 vs. 37.0 +/- 2.1 mmol/kg dry wt) and after (30.9 +/- 2.4 vs. 32.8 +/- 1.6 mmol/kg dry wt) the 120-min cycling bout was not different between the Hi-CHO and Hi-Fat trials, respectively. After the 24-h dietary-fasting period, muscle triglyceride was significantly higher for the Hi-Fat (44.7 +/- 2.4 mmol/kg dry wt) vs. the Hi-CHO (27.5 +/- 2.1 mmol/kg dry wt) trial. Furthermore, self-paced cycling time was significantly greater for the Hi-Fat (139.3 +/- 7.1 min) compared with the Hi-CHO (117.1 +/- 3.2 min) trial. These data demonstrate that there was not a significant difference in muscle triglyceride concentration before and after a prolonged moderate-intensity cycling bout. Nevertheless, a high-fat diet increased muscle triglyceride concentration and reduced self-paced cycling performance 24 h after the exercise compared with a high-carbohydrate diet.

PMID:
9104855
DOI:
10.1152/jappl.1997.82.4.1185
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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