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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1997 Mar 15;1334(2-3):149-54.

Influence of histone acetylation on the modification of cytoplasmic and nuclear proteins by ADP-ribosylation in response to free radicals.

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Department of Radiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Stellenbosch, Tygerberg, South Africa.


Inhibition of histone deacetylase by addition of 5 mM n-sodium butyrate to the growth medium increases the utilization of [32P]NAD+ and ADP-ribosylation (ADPR) of total cellular proteins of V79, HeLa, mouse B16, mouse Fib/T and human T1 kidney cells by a factor of 1.2-2.3. When the ADP-ribosylase is challenged by exposing cells to damage by .OH radicals (25 microM CuSO4 2.8 mM H2O2) ADPR increases by factors of 5.7-6.0 and 3.2-4.0 in normal and butyrated cells, respectively. Operation of the free radical generator is supported by the response to EDTA and radical scavengers. Densitometric analysis of autoradiographs from SDS-gels show that butyrate exposure increases basal ADPR-modification of histones from T1 cells by factors of 1.1-1.9. Addition of .OH radicals increases the ADPR modifications of histones 4.4-8.7-fold in normal cells and 3.2-6.7-fold in butyrate exposed cells. Butyrate exposure elevates base level ADPR-modification and reduces subsequent ADPR-modification initiated by DNA damage. The results are consistent with the view that ADPR-modification and histone acetylation have overlapping functions and probably induce similar structural changes in chromatin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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