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The Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED): scale construction and psychometric characteristics.

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1
Child Psychiatry Department, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To develop a reliable and valid child and parent self-report instrument to screen children with anxiety disorders.

METHOD:

An 85-item questionnaire was administered to 341 outpatient children and adolescents and 300 parents. Utilizing item analyses and factor analyses, the original scale was reduced to 38 items. A subsample of children (n = 88) and parents (n = 86) was retested an average of 5 weeks (4 days to 15 weeks after the initial screening.

RESULTS:

The child and parent Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED) both yielded five factors: somatic/panic, general anxiety, separation anxiety, social phobia For the total score and each of the five factors, both the child and parent SCARED demonstrated good internal consistency (alpha = .74 to .93), test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficients = .70 to .90), discriminative validity (both between anxiety and other disorders and within anxiety disorders), and moderate parent-child agreement (r = .20 to .47, p < .001, all correlations).

CONCLUSIONS:

The SCARED shows promise as a screening instrument for anxiety disorders. Future studies using the SCARED in community samples are indicated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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