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Ophthalmology. 1995 Oct;102(10):1425-33.

Evaluation of grid pattern photocoagulation for macular edema in central vein occlusion. The Central Vein Occlusion Study Group M report.

[No authors listed]



To evaluate the efficacy of macular grid photocoagulation in preserving or improving central visual acuity in eyes with macular edema due to central vein occlusion (CVO) and best-corrected visual acuity of 20/50 or poorer.


Patients with angiographically documented macular edema due to CVO were entered into a multicenter randomized controlled clinical trial supported by the National Eye Institute. Eligibility was determined based on both clinical examination findings and photographic documentation evaluated at a photograph reading center. Eyes were assigned randomly to macular grid photocoagulation (77 eyes) or no treatment (78 eyes). Patients were followed every 4 months for 3 years or until the end of the study. The outcome measure was visual acuity.


The study population consisted of 155 eyes in 155 patients. There was no difference between treated and untreated eyes in visual acuity at any point during the follow-up period. Initial median visual acuity was 20/160 in treated eyes and 20/ 125 in control eyes. Final median visual acuity was 20/200 in treated eyes and 20/160 in control eyes. However, treatment clearly reduced angiographic evidence of macular edema.


The results of this study do not support a recommendation for macular grid photocoagulation for the population meeting the Central Vein Occlusion Study macular edema group eligibility criteria.

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