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Appl Environ Microbiol. 1997 Apr;63(4):1449-52.

Intraspecific characterization of Vibrio tapetis strains by use of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, ribotyping, and plasmid profiling.

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Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Malaga, Spain.


A total of twenty-two strains of Vibrio tapetis, the causative agent of brown ring disease affecting cultured clams, were compared and evaluated in an investigation of strain heterogeneity using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), ribotyping, and plasmid profile analysis. A total of 90.9% of V. tapetis strains tested by using NotI showed the same PFGE pattern, consisting of 15 bands. In contrast, the V. tapetis strains showed a low degree of similarity with six reference Vibrio species tested. All V. tapetis strains harbored a large plasmid of 74.5 kb. This plasmid was not detected in any of the other Vibrio species. In addition, endonuclease restriction analysis of the plasmid content of the strains using EcoRI and HindIII clearly showed that all the strains of V. tapetis possessed the same cleavage pattern. The three enzymes used for ribotyping, PvuII, SmaI, and SalI, yielded patterns with 8 to 12 bands ranging in size from 2 to 23 kb. The application of the SalI and SmaI endonuclease rendered the separation of the strains tested in two ribotypes, while all the V. tapetis strains belonged to the same ribotype when the enzyme PvuII was used.

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