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Blood Purif. 1997;15(1):25-33.

Influence of the hydration state on blood pressure values in a group of patients on regular maintenance hemodialysis.

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Department of Nephrology, Ospedale degli Infermi, Biella, Italy.


The pathophysiology of hypertension in patients on renal replacement therapy is not yet clear, and the role of extracellular fluid overload is still a matter of debate. The main problem is the lack of techniques to determine the fluid state. Recently new noninvasive techniques have become available which make it possible to accurately determine the hydration state in these patients. We have studied the influence of the hydration state on interdialytic blood pressure in 45 patients: 21 (46.6%) using antihypertensive medication and 24 (53.4%) without antihypertensive medication. Total body water (TBW) was determined by bioelectrical impedance analysis performed just before a hemodialysis session. The TBW was then related to the fat-free mass calculated by the anthropometric method (aFFM) of Durnin. The hydration state was defined using the following formula: TBW/aFFM 100. Furthermore, for each patient the ideal TBW was calculated according to the Watson formula. The difference between TBW and ideal TBW was considered a further index of the hydration state. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring was performed by using a Takeda 24200 recorder according to the Korotkoff method during the 24 h before the midweek hemodialysis session. Blood pressure monitoring showed a significant correlation with the hydration state of these patients. In conclusion, the hydration state seems to play a major role in interdialytic blood pressure control.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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