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Am J Public Health. 1997 Mar;87(3):414-7.

Very-low-birthweight infants and income incongruity among African American and white parents in Chicago.

Author information

1
Children's Memorial Hospital, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, IL 60614, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Illinois vital records for 1982/1983 and US census income data for 1980 were analyzed to ascertain the relationship of income incongruity, race, and very low birthweight.

METHODS:

Positive income incongruity was considered present when study infants resided in wealthier neighborhoods than non-Latino Whites at the same level of parental education attainment and marital status.

RESULTS:

The odds ratios of very low birthweight for African Americans (n = 44,266) and Whites (n = 27,139) who experienced positive income incongruity were 0.7 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.5, 0.9) and 0.6 (95% CI = 0.5, 0.9), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

Positive income incongruity is associated with lower race-specific rates of very low birthweight.

PMID:
9096543
PMCID:
PMC1381014
DOI:
10.2105/ajph.87.3.414
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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