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Epilepsy Res. 1997 Jan;26(2):389-95.

Randomized trial comparing vigabatrin and hydrocortisone in infantile spasms due to tuberous sclerosis.

Author information

1
Department of Child Neurology, Hôpital Saint Vincent de Paul, Paris, France.

Abstract

Vigabatrin has been shown to be efficient in infants with infantile spasms and tuberous sclerosis, in open studies. In order to compare vigabatrin to oral steroids, a prospective randomized multicenter study was implemented using both drugs as monotherapy in newly diagnosed patients with infantile spasms and tuberous sclerosis. Eleven infants received vigabatrin (150 mg/kg per day) and 11 hydrocortisone (15 mg/kg per day) for 1 month. Spasm free patients continued vigabatrin or progressively stopped hydrocortisone in 1 month, non-responders were crossed to the other drug for a new 2 month-period. All vigabatrin patients (11/11) were spasm-free versus 5/11 hydrocortisone infants (P < 0.01). Seven patients were crossed to vigabatrin (six for inefficacy, one for adverse events) and became also totally controlled. Mean time to disappearance of infantile spasms was 3.5 days on vigabatrin versus 13 days on hydrocortisone (P < 0.01). Five patients exhibited side effects on vigabatrin but nine on hydrocortisone (P = 0.006). Vigabatrin should therefore be considered as the first choice treatment for infantile spasms due to tuberous sclerosis.

PMID:
9095401
DOI:
10.1016/s0920-1211(96)01006-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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