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Am J Clin Nutr. 1997 Apr;65(4):1057-61.

Effective community intervention to improve hemoglobin status in preschoolers receiving once-weekly iron supplementation.

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1
Regional South East Asian Ministers of Education Organization Center for Community Nutrition, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Abstract

The effect of weekly iron supplementation with and without deworming on hemoglobin was investigated in a double-masked, placebo-controlled field trial. Subjects were 289 preschoolers who were randomly divided into three groups. Groups 1 and 2 received 30 mg Fe once weekly and group 3 received a placebo. Group 1 additionally received anthelminthic treatment. Supplements were administered by the mothers, who were educated about iron deficiency beforehand. In the iron-supplemented groups prevalence of anemia decreased from 37.2% to 16.2% (P < 0.001). Hemoglobin increased by an average of 6.9 +/- 9.8 g/L in the two iron-supplemented groups (n = 191), which was greater (P < 0.001) than the increase of 1.9 +/- 8.0 g/L in the placebo group. None of the subjects had hookworm, and anthelminthic treatment did not have an additional effect. Iron supplements administered once weekly by mothers reduced anemia without major involvement of health staff.

PIP:

The authors investigated the effect of weekly iron supplementation with and without deworming upon hemoglobin in a double-blind, placebo-controlled field trial conducted in the West Javanese village of Setia Asih. 289 children aged 2-5 years were randomly divided into three equal-sized treatment groups for the study. Groups one and two received 30 mg iron once weekly, while group three received a placebo. Group one also received anthelminthic treatment. Supplements were administered by the mothers who were taught about iron deficiency beforehand. In the iron-supplemented groups, the prevalence of anemia decreased from 37.2% to 16.2% and hemoglobin increased by an average of 6.9 +or- 9.8 g/l. However, hemoglobin increased only 1.9 +or- 8.0 g/l in the placebo group. No subjects had hookworms, so anthelminthic treatment had no additional effect.

PMID:
9094893
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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