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Pediatr Pulmonol. 1997 Mar;23(3):233-7.

Mineral oil lipoid pneumonia in a child with anoxic encephalopathy: treatment by whole lung lavage.

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Clinica Malattie Infettive, Università di Genova, Italy.


We describe a case of exogenous lipoid pneumonia in a child with anoxic encephalopathy who was taking mineral oil for constipation. Computed tomography produced images suggesting this condition, and the diagnosis was confirmed by demonstrating the presence of lipid-laden alveolar macrophages in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Despite discontinuing the offending agent, the pulmonary infiltrates did not improve; however, successful resolution was obtained by whole lung lavage.

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