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J Neurotrauma. 1996 Feb;13(2):59-65.

Lesion volume, injury severity, and thalamic integrity following head injury.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah 84602-5543, USA.

Abstract

Magnetic resonance (MR) scans of 63 traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients were analyzed to examine the relationship between injury severity, lesion volume (nonthalamic cortical/subcortical lesions), ventricle-to-brain ratio (VBR), and thalamic volume. For comparison, 33 normal control subjects were used. Patients with visible nonthalamic structural lesions showed significantly smaller thalamic volumes than patients without visible lesions or control subjects. Results also indicated that patients with visible lesions had significantly more severe injuries than patients without lesions. Patients with moderate-severe injuries had significantly smaller thalamic volumes and greater VBRs than patients with mild-moderate injuries. Although several variables related to thalamic volume, the presence of nonthalamic lesions was sufficient to result in smaller thalamic volume. Decreased thalamic volume following head injury suggests that subcortical brain structures may be susceptible to transneuronal degeneration following cortical lesions, and that this can be detected by in vivo MR-based volumetric analysis.

PMID:
9094376
DOI:
10.1089/neu.1996.13.59
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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