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J Pediatr. 1977 Oct;91(4):648-52.

Selective bronchial intubation for the treatment of severe localized pulmonary interstitial emphysema in newborn infants.


As an alternative to lobectomy and in order to preserve lung tissue which may be potentially functional we have selectively intubated the right main bronchus in four infants 12 to 25 days old with severe, pulmonary interstitial emphysema of the left lung. In each case the localized hyperinflation disappeared within 5 to 48 hours of contralateral selective bronchial intubation. The duration of SBI was 1.5 to 5 days. Three patients benefited from the procedure; there were no serious complications. We propose that SBI should be tried in infants with severe, localized PIE which has caused mediastinal shift, compressive atelectasis, and respiratory acidosis requiring mechanical ventilation despite vigorous pulmonary therapy and usual supportive measures.

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