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Maturitas. 1997 Mar;26(2):83-93.

Sexuality, hormones and the menopausal transition.

Author information

1
Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Melbourne, Carlton, Victoria, Australia. dennerstein@kewh.unimelb.edu.au

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To assess the validity and reliability of a sexuality questionnaire, and to assess the relationship of sexual functioning to age, menopausal status and hormone levels.

METHODS:

Cross-sectional analysis of a population-based cohort of 201 women aged 48-58 years in the fourth year of a longitudinal study. Sexual functioning was measured by self-completed questionnaire. E2, FSH. Inhibin, total T and SHBG were sampled on cycle days 4-8 or after 3 months of amenorrhoea.

RESULTS:

Internal consistency, as measured by Cronbach's alpha, was 0.71. Six factors were found on principal components factor analysis: (1) Feelings for Partner, (2) Sexual Responsivity, (3) Sexual Frequency, (4) Libido, (5) Partner Problems and (6) Vaginal Dryness/Dyspareunia. Sexual Responsivity decreased with age (beta = -0.060, P = 0.05), and Vaginal Dryness/Dyspareunia decreased with log E2 (beta = -0.181. P < 0.001). Testosterone was not associated with the aspects of female sexual functioning measured in this study.

CONCLUSIONS:

This longitudinal study found that most aspects of female sexual functioning were not affected by age, menopausal functioning or hormone levels.

PMID:
9089557
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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