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Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 1997 Apr;18(4):286-91.

Comparative genomic hybridization analysis of chromosomal changes occurring during development of acquired resistance to cisplatin in human ovarian carcinoma cells.

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1
Department of Oncology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland.

Abstract

The genetic changes underlying the development of resistance to the platinum-containing drugs are poorly defined. We analyzed six resistant cell lines using comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) in order to screen and identify possible genetic changes in common. We compared parental 2008 and A2780 human ovarian cancer cells to sublines selected for resistance to cisplatin (DDP) (2008/C8, 2008/C13*5.25, 2008/A, A2780/CP); we also compared 2008 cells to sublines selected for resistance to antimonite (2008/H) and arsenite (2008/I) which demonstrated cross-resistance to DDP. DNA samples from the resistant cell lines were hybridized against DNA from the parental cells rather than from normal human cells to permit detection of only those changes associated with the development of resistance. The DNA sequence copy number changes were surprisingly numerous in the DDP, antimony, and arsenite-resistant variants of the 2008 cell line and most of the chromosomes were affected. On the other hand, in the A2780/CP subline only a few changes were found and these were limited to just four chromosomes. The most common findings among the DDP-resistant cell lines were gains of material from chromosomes or chromosome arms 2q (5 out of 6 lines), 4 (4/6), 6q (5/6), and 8q (4/6). Deletions were observed on chromosomes or chromosome arms 2p (4/6), X (4/6), 7p (5/6), 11p (4/6), and 13 (4/6). The most frequently involved chromosomal regions, affected in the majority of cell lines, were: gain of 2q14.1-q33, 4p15.2-p13, 4q22-q25, 4q31.1-q34, 6q13-q16, 8q12-q21.2, and loss of Xp22.2-q21, 7p21-p14, 11cen-p14 in sublines of 2008, and loss of 2pter-p22 and 13q21 in sublines of 2008 and A2780. The results suggest that the acquired resistance and cross-resistance to DDP in these cell lines was associated with substantial genomic instability, quite unlike the changes observed in association with the development of resistance to drugs participating in the multidrug resistance phenotype.

PMID:
9087568
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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