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J Interferon Cytokine Res. 1997 Mar;17(3):151-7.

Interleukin-1beta is differentially expressed by human dermal papilla cells in response to PKC activation and is a potent inhibitor of human hair follicle growth in organ culture.

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Preclinical Dermatology Research, Hoffmann-La Roche, Nutley, NJ 07110, USA.


The dermal papilla plays an important role in the regulation of hair follicle matrix cell proliferation and hair fiber production, at least in part through mesenchymal-epithelial interactions. In the present study, we have investigated the regulation of interleukin-1 (IL-1) production by protein kinase C in cultured human dermal papilla cells. Treatment of dermal papilla cells with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) elicited the rapid and transient production of mature (17 kDa) cytosolic IL-1beta protein, but not IL-1alpha, with maximal levels achieved after 12 h. Rapid secretion of IL-1beta into the medium occurred subsequent to increased intracellular cytokine levels, after which medium IL-1beta protein levels were stable for 4 days. Northern blot analysis showed that TPA treatment elicited a transient induction of IL-1beta mRNA expression, maximal after 12 h, indicating that TPA regulates dermal papilla cell IL-1beta production at the transcriptional level. Pretreatment of dermal papilla cells with Ro 31-7549, a selective protein kinase C inhibitor, dose dependently and completely reversed phorbol-induced IL-1beta protein production. In addition, we demonstrated that IL-1beta is a highly potent inhibitor of the growth of human hair follicles in whole-organ culture, with an IC50 value of approximately 5 pg/ml. These findings, taken together with a previous report that follicular matrix cells express type I IL-1 receptors but dermal papilla cells do not, raise the possibility that dermal papilla cell-derived IL-1beta may act as a negative paracrine factor in the regulation of matrix cell proliferation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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