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Sleep. 1996 Dec;19(10 Suppl):S255-9.

Split-night studies for the diagnosis and treatment of sleep-disordered breathing.

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Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pennsylvania, USA.


We examined the effect of split-night polysomnography on compliance with positive pressure via a mask for the treatment of obstructive sleep-disordered breathing. A comparison of objective compliance (hours/day) at the first meter read from the positive-pressure device (4-6 weeks after set-up) in patients who had a successful split-night positive-pressure titration vs. patients who had traditional full-night positive-pressure titration was performed. Patients were matched for age, sex, and severity of the obstructive sleep-disordered breathing. Twelve patients were matched with controls who underwent full-night polysomnography. There were no significant differences between the split-night patients and the full-night patients with regard to age, sex, body mass index, and pretreatment Epworth Sleepiness Score. In addition, there was no significant difference between apnea-hypopnea index and the desaturation-event frequency for both groups pre- and post-treatment. The average daily use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) at the time of the first meter reading in the group that underwent full-night positive-pressure titrations as opposed to split-night titrations was 5.2 hours/day +/- 2.2 vs. 3.8 hours/day +/- 2.9, respectively (p = 0.29). The Epworth Sleepiness Scale on the initial clinic visit (as an index of patient-perceived impairment) did not predict compliance at 4-6 weeks. The time at the final positive pressure did not correlate with compliance. Acceptance of positive pressure in the split-night patients ranged from 62 to 67%.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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