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Eur J Pharmacol. 1997 Feb 19;321(1):105-11.

Aripiprazole, a novel antipsychotic drug, inhibits quinpirole-evoked GTPase activity but does not up-regulate dopamine D2 receptor following repeated treatment in the rat striatum.

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Department of Pharmacology, Hiroshima University School of Medicine, Japan.


Aripiprazole, a quinolinone derivative, is a new dopaminergic agent which has been recently developed and demonstrated to be clinically useful as an antipsychotic drug with reduced extrapyramidal motor side effects. Here, we found that aripiprazole competed [3H]spiperone binding with a 100-fold higher affinity than [3H]SCH23390 binding, and inhibited the quinpirole-induced facilitation of high-affinity GTPase activity in rat striatal membranes. The effects of chronic administration of aripiprazole and haloperidol on dopamine D2 receptor binding and mRNA level in rat striata were examined by a [3H]spiperone binding assay and a ribonuclease protection assay. Haloperidol induced a significant rise in Bmax of [3H]spiperone binding at 1 mg/kg and in the level of dopamine D2L receptor mRNA at 4 mg/kg. A high dose of aripiprazole (100 mg/kg) only tended to increase the Bmax of [3H]spiperone binding non-significantly, and had no effect on the level of dopamine D2L receptor mRNA. These results indicated that aripiprazole had an antagonistic activity to dopamine D2 receptors with a high affinity, but that the potency of aripiprazole to up-regulate dopamine D2 receptors in the striatum was much smaller than that of haloperidol. This small up-regulation may be related to the ability to aripiprazole to act without side effects including tardive dyskinesia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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