Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Biophys J. 1997 Apr;72(4):1695-700.

Packing characteristics of two-component bilayers composed of ester- and ether-linked phospholipids.

Author information

1
Department of Cellular Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC 20306-6000, USA.

Abstract

The miscibility properties of ether- and ester-linked phospholipids in two-component, fully hydrated bilayers have been studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Raman spectroscopy. Mixtures of 1,2-di-O-hexadecyl-rac-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DHPC) with 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DHPE) and of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC) with 1,2-di-O-hexadecyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DHPE) have been investigated. The phase diagram for the DPPC/DHPE mixtures indicates that these two phospholipids are miscible in all proportions in the nonrippled bilayer gel phase. In contrast, the DHPC/DPPE mixtures display two regions of gel phase immiscibility between 10 and 30 mol% DPPE. Raman spectroscopic measurements of DHPC/DPPE mixtures in the C-H stretching mode region suggest that this immiscibility arises from the formation of DHPC-rich interdigitated gel phase domains with strong lateral chain packing interactions at temperatures below 27 degrees C. However, in the absence of interdigitation, our findings, and those of others, lead to the conclusion that the miscibility properties of mixtures of ether- and ester-linked phospholipids are determined by the nature of the phospholipid headgroups and are independent of the character of the hydrocarbon chain linkages. Thus it seems unlikely that the ether linkage has any significant effect on the miscibility properties of phospholipids in biological membranes.

PMID:
9083673
PMCID:
PMC1184363
DOI:
10.1016/S0006-3495(97)78815-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center