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Ophthalmology. 1997 Mar;104(3):425-8.

Parabulbar anesthesia for primary vitreoretinal surgery.

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1
Vitreoretinal Service, Madras, India.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The efficacy and safety of parabulbar anesthesia was investigated prospectively in 100 patients undergoing primary vitreoretinal surgery.

METHODS:

The technique involved three steps: (1) orbicularis oculi injection, (2) subconjunctival injection, and (3) sub-Tenon irrigation. The effect of anesthesia was graded 0 to 5 depending on inadequate anesthesia-akinesia with or without local supplementation. Ninety-three patients underwent vitrectomy without buckling and 4 with an encircling band; 3 had scleral buckling. Mean duration of surgery was 89.38 minutes.

RESULTS:

In 69% of patients (grades 4 and 5), no supplementation was required and in 31% (grades 1-3), local supplementation was needed for inadequate anesthesia or akinesia or both. No ocular or systemic complication occurred. Early onset of anesthesia correlated with adequate anesthesia throughout the procedure (P < 0.04).

CONCLUSIONS:

Parabulbar anesthesia is a safe and effective technique of local anesthesia in patients undergoing primary vitreoretinal surgery.

PMID:
9082267
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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