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Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1997 Mar;151(3):298-304.

Sex reassignment at birth. Long-term review and clinical implications.

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Department of Anatomy and Reproductive Biology, Pacific Center for Sex and Society, University of Hawaii-Manoa, USA.


This article is a long-term follow-up to a classic case reported in pediatric, psychiatric, and sexological literature. The penis of an XY individual was accidentally ablated and he was subsequently raised as a female. Initially this individual was described as developing into a normally functioning female. The individual, however, was later found to reject this sex of rearing, switched at puberty to living as a male, and has successfully lived as such from that time to the present. The standard in instances of extensive penile damage to infants is to recommend rearing the male as a female. Subsequent cases should, however, be managed in light of this new evidence.

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[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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