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Effect of Rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis) on chick skeletal muscle cell growth in culture.

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Institute of Animal Biochemistry and Genetics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Ivanka pri Dunaji, Slovakia. LAMOSOVA@UBGZ.SAVBA.SK


Rooibos tea (RT) extract contains natural antioxidants and scavenging agents. We investigated the effects of different concentrations of RT extract in medium on growth and changes of growth parameters of cultured chick embryonic skeletal muscle cells. Presence of 2, 10 and 100% of RT extract in the culture of primary cells significantly inhibited cell proliferation. The inhibition of cell growth reflected on decreased DNA, RNA and protein contents in primary cell culture and fibroblasts and myoblasts. The ability of the primary cells, fibroblasts and myoblasts to synthesize DNA and protein in the presence of RT extract, measured as an amount of [3H]thymidine and [3H]leucine incorporated into DNA and de novo synthesized protein, corresponded with decreasing DNA and protein contents in all three cell types. The inhibition effect of RT rose with increasing concentration of the tea extract in the culture medium. Ornithine decarboxylase activity was significantly affected only by 100% RT extract in every examined cell types. These results suggest that the inhibitory effect of RT extract on the growth of primary cells, fibroblasts and myoblasts is due to the potent scavenging activity of the RT extract.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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