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Mech Ageing Dev. 1996 Dec 20;92(2-3):121-32.

Characterization of IGFBP-3, PAI-1 and SPARC mRNA expression in senescent fibroblasts.

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1
Department of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and Geriatric Research, Little Rock, USA.

Abstract

The RNA species encoded by IGFBP-3 (insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3), PAI-1 (plasminogen activator inhibitor-1) and SPARC (secreted protein-acidic and rich in cysteine; a.k.a. osteonectin) are overexpressed in senescent human diploid fibroblasts (HDF). Their extracellular products have the ability to modulate cell growth in culture and have been shown to have inhibitory effects on DNA synthesis and/or cell growth. This overproduction may contribute to a number of features of aging, including osteoporosis, atherosclerosis and diabetes mellitus type II. Based on analysis of steady-state mRNA levels, which showed similar patterns for all three along with overexpression in senescent cells, we further investigated their transcription rates and stability to determine reasons for their overexpression and to determine if coordinate gene regulation was involved. Characterization of the rates of transcription and the levels of message stability of these genes in early passage (young) versus late passage (old) HDF revealed that IGFBP-3, PAI-1 and SPARC are coordinately overexpressed but not regulated by a unique or simple mechanism encompassing all three transcripts. Only PAI-1 shows an increase in the rate of transcription, while all three show evidence that their overexpression is due to an increase in the stability of RNA. Thus, the overexpression of these genes in senescent fibroblasts involves interactions not only at the transcriptional level but also with protein factors involved in determining the stability and the degradation of RNA.

PMID:
9080393
DOI:
10.1016/s0047-6374(96)01814-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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