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Eur J Immunol. 1997 Mar;27(3):782-7.

Immunomodulatory effects of a plasmid expressing B7-2 on human immunodeficiency virus-1-specific cell-mediated immunity induced by a plasmid encoding the viral antigen.

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Department of Bacteriology, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, Japan.


B7 co-stimulation is essential for activating resting T cells following antigen recognition by the T cell receptor. To determine whether B7 has adjuvant activities on human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1)-specific immunity induced by inoculation of a plasmid encoding HIV-1 env and rev (DNA vaccine), B7-1 and B7-2 expression plasmids were co-inoculated with the DNA vaccine. The delayed-type hypersensitivity response and cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) activity were significantly enhanced when B7-2 expression plasmid was co-inoculated with the DNA vaccine, but were unaffected when the B7-1 expression plasmid was used with the vaccine instead. The immunological response enhanced by B7-2 decreased below the level of mice immunized with the DNA vaccine in combination with CTLA4Ig, an inhibitor of the B7/CD28 co-stimulatory signal, suggesting that this signal is critical for the enhanced response induced by co-inoculation of the DNA vaccine and B7-2 expression plasmid. This enhancement appeared to occur via an interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma)-dependent mechanism, as combined administration of the B7-2 plasmid and neutralizing anti-IFN-gamma antibody abrogated the virus-specific cell-mediated immunity. These results suggest that this gene-based co-inoculation strategy using HIV-1 viral antigen and B7-2 co-stimulatory molecule could be a powerful means of combating HIV-1 infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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