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Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. 1997 Jan;34(1):65-9.

[Mollaret meningitis associated with a high level of cytokines in cerebrospinal fluid].

[Article in Japanese]

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  • 1Second Department of Internal Medicine, Ehime University School of Medicine.


A 70-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for further evaluation of recurrent fever, which had begun in October 1994. The patient had 5 to 7 days without fever, and then 2 to 3 days of fever. He had headaches during the febrile periods. On admission, he had abnormal pyramidal, extrapyramidal, and celebellar signs, and nuchal rigidity during the febrile period. However, these neurological abnormalities were completely absent during the afebrile period. Examination of cerebrospinal fluid revealed pleocytosis of mononuclear cells. During the febrile period, pleocytosis was associated with high levels of IgG, IL-6, TNF-alpha, and PGE2 in the cerebrospinal fluid. Administration of indomethacin prevented the fever, which suggests that abnormal production of cytokines in the cerebrospinal fluid contributes to fever in Mollaret meningitis.

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