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Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1997 Mar;16(3 Suppl):S49-55.

Comparative susceptibility of clinical isolates producing extended spectrum beta-lactamases to ceftibuten: effect of large inocula.

Author information

1
Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI 02906, USA. antone-medeiros@brown.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Infections caused by Enterobacteriaceae producing extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) are a growing clinical problem. However, there is wide variation in the level of resistance to third generation beta-lactams conferred by these enzymes.

METHODS:

We studied 33 Klebsiella pneumoniae and 4 Escherichia coli isolates producing ESBLs obtained from outbreaks in 14 different hospitals and a nursing home in the United States. Microdilution testing with standard (10(4-5) colony-forming units/ml) and large (10(6-7) colony-forming units/ml) inocula, was used to compare the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of ceftibuten, a novel oral oxyimino beta-lactam, with those of other third generation beta-lactams (cefotaxime, ceftazidime, aztreonam, cefixime, cefpodoxime and cefoxitin).

RESULTS:

Twenty-seven of the clinical isolates had well-characterized ESBLs of 10 different types, 7 of which produced TEM-1; 1 isolate also produced LXA-1. Two strains produced more than 1 ESBL. The remaining 10 strains produced 8 as yet uncharacterized types of ESBL. With large inocula 73% tested susceptible to ceftibuten, whereas 8 to 22% tested susceptible to the other third generation beta-lactam antibiotics. Ceftibuten MICs increased with higher inocula when tested against strains producing SHV-4 or SHV-5 and, to a lesser extent, strains producing multiple beta-lactamases. Only cefoxitin showed a smaller inoculum effect.

CONCLUSION:

Ceftibuten merits clinical evaluation in infections caused by bacteria that produce ESBLs.

PMID:
9076836
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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