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J Hepatol. 1997 Mar;26(3):678-86.

Endothelial calcium-calmodulin dependent nitric oxide synthase in the in vitro vascular hyporeactivity of portal hypertensive rats.

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1
INSERM U-24, Hopital Beaujon, Clichy, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Increased nitric oxide production has been implicated in impaired vascular responsiveness to vasoconstrictors in portal hypertension. However, there is no firm evidence concerning the involved nitric oxide synthase isoform. The present study investigated the possible contribution of one nitric oxide synthase isoform, the endothelial constitutive Ca2+-calmodulin dependent, in the overproduction of nitric oxide in portal hypertension.

METHODS:

Vascular responses to norepinephrine and acetylcholine were evaluated in isolated thoracic aortic rings from normal and portal vein stenosed rats.

RESULTS:

An impaired concentration-dependent contraction to norepinephrine was observed in intact rings from portal hypertensive rats compared to controls. The hyporeactivity to norepinephrine was reversed after endothelium denudation, the inhibition of nitric oxide synthase with L-NOARG or the inhibition of calmodulin with W-7, but not after pre-incubation with indomethacin. Stimulation of intact rings with norepinephrine after the inhibition of calmodulin with calmidazolium was followed by a decreased vascular response in vessels from normal rats but not in those from portal hypertensive rats. Stimulation of intact rings with norepinephrine in a Ca2+-free medium was followed by a decreased vascular response in vessels from both portal hypertensive and normal rats. No difference in vasoconstrictive responses was observed between the two groups after calmidazolium or in a Ca2+-free medium. Relaxation induced by acetylcholine in norepinephrine-precontracted rings was more marked in rings from portal hypertensive rats than in controls. No differences in the vasodilator responses were observed after relaxations had been inhibited by the removal of the endothelium, pre-incubation with L-NOARG, indomethacin, W-7 or calmidazolium and in a Ca2+-free medium.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study demonstrates the involvement of the endothelial constitutive Ca2+-calmodulin dependent nitric oxide synthase isoform in the overproduction of nitric oxide in portal hypertension.

PMID:
9075677
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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