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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1997 Mar 20;13(5):433-7.

Simultaneous detection of simian retrovirus type D serotypes 1, 2, and 3 by polymerase chain reaction.

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Laboratory of Viral Pathogenesis, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.


Asymptomatic infection of macaques with macaques with simian retroviruses type D (SRV/D), the etiologic agents of one form of retrovirus-induced simian immunodeficiency disease, can confound experiments with the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), which also induces immunodeficiency disease in macaques. The SIV/macaque model is the preferred nonhuman primate model for AIDS-related research. Serological screening for SRV/D alone is insufficient because not all infected animals seroconvert, and virus isolation by cocultivation may require 4 to 6 weeks. We have established a DNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay. One set of nested primers allows detection of SRV/D serotypes 1, 2, and 3 and distinguishes SRV-2 from the other two serotypes. The PCR assay is sensitive; a single proviral copy of SRV/D could be detected in 150,000 to 210,000 macaque peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). When applied to a panel of virus isolation-positive macaque samples, the PCR assay was positive in 100% of the tests. No false-positive results were seen when known specific-pathogen-free (SPF) macaques were examined. We propose that macaques be screened with a combination of SRV/D serology and this DNA PCR assay prior to enrollment in experiments with SIV.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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