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Lipids. 1997 Jan;32(1):31-7.

Influence of diet on the kinetic behavior of hepatic carnitine palmitoyltransferase I toward different acyl CoA esters.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.


The influence of diet on the kinetics of the overt form of rat liver mitochondrial carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT I; EC was studied using rats fed either a low-fat diet (3% w/w fat), or diets which were supplemented with either olive oil (OO), safflower oil (SO) or menhaden (fish) oil (MO) to 20% w/w of fat (high fat diets). When animals were fed each of these four diets for 10 days, the order of the apparent maximal activity (Vmax) of CPT I toward various individual fatty acyl CoA, when measured under a fixed molar ratio of acyl CoA/albumin, was 16:1 n-7 > 18:1 n-9 > 18:2 n-6 > 16:0 > 22:6 n-3, and was thus not affected by the fat composition of the diet. However, in all but one case, the SO and MO diets elicited a higher Vmax for each substrate than either the LF diet or the high fat OO diet. The apparent K0.5 for the different acyl CoA esters was generally lowest in LF-fed animals, and highest in those fed the high-fat SO diet. Moreover, when compared with the situation of animals fed high-fat diets, the K0.5 values of CPT I in LF-fed animals for palmitoyl CoA and oleoyl CoA were low. This possession by CPT I of a high "affinity" toward these nonessential fatty acyl CoAs, but a lower "affinity" toward linoleoyl CoA, the ester of an essential fatty acid, may enable this latter fatty acid to be spared from oxidation when its concentration in the diet is low. The data also emphasize that palmitoleoyl CoA, if available in the diet, is likely to be utilized by CPT I at a high rate.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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