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Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 1997 Mar;44(2):205-18.

Regional distribution of GABA transporter 1 (GAT1) mRNA in the rat brain: comparison with glutamic acid decarboxylase67 (GAD67) mRNA localization.

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Department of Anatomy and Neuroscience, Osaka University Medical School, Suita, Japan.


The mRNA expression of GABA transporter 1 (GAT1) was investigated in the rat brain by in situ hybridization histochemistry using an oligonucleotide probe specific to the mRNA. The pattern of GABA transporter 1 mRNA expression was well coincident with that of GABAergic terminals detected by using glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) as a marker. In addition, we compared the GAT1 mRNA expression with that of glutamic acid decarboxylase67 (GAD67) mRNA positive neurons. Although the expression patterns of both mRNAs were similar in most nuclei, the number of GABA transporter 1 mRNA positive cells were higher than that of GAD67 mRNA positive cells in some nuclei, such as the inferior colliculus, cerebellar nuclei and cerebral cortex. Furthermore the subthalamic nucleus and inferior olive nucleus, which lacked GAD67 mRNA expression, showed intense GABA transporter 1 mRNA expression. These data suggest that GABA transporter 1 mRNA is expressed not only in GABAergic neurons but also in non-GABAergic neurons and/or glial cells which are involved in GABAergic neurotransmission.

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