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Hum Mutat. 1997;9(2):131-5.

Mutations in the N-terminal globular domain of the type X collagen gene (COL10A1) in patients with Schmid metaphyseal chondrodysplasia.

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Laboratory of Molecular Medicine, University of Tokyo, Japan.


Schmid metaphyseal chondrodysplasia (SMCD) is a relatively common, heritable osteochondrodysplasia characterized by short-limbed short stature with normal facies, and generalized metaphyseal dysplasias of the long and short tubular bones. Several mutations of the type X collagen gene (COL10A1) have been reported in patients with SMCD, all in the C-terminal globular domain. To address whether mutations in other domains can cause SMCD, we examined the coding region of the COL10A1 gene in DNA samples from six Japanese families affected with SMCD, by direct sequencing. We detected novel mutations in three unrelated SMCD patients; one was a one-base deletion in the C-terminal globular domain and others were de novo missense mutations in the N-terminal globular domain. All three cases revealed a typical clinical phenotype for SMCD. Thus, we have demonstrated that mutations of COL10A1 in regions other than the C-terminal globular domain can cause SMCD, and the results suggest that the N-terminal globular domain also plays an important role in formation of type X collagen.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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