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Am J Hematol. 1997 Mar;54(3):189-95.

Expression profile of MDM-2 proteins in chronic lymphocytic leukemia and their clinical relevance.

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Hematopathology Program, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030, USA.


The MDM-2 oncoprotein exists in an autoregulatory feedback loop with the tumor suppressor protein p53. Therefore, intracellular levels of these two proteins may play important roles in cell proliferation and tumorigenesis. Several MDM-2 proteins (Mr 35-100 Kd) have been demonstrated in human cell lines. We report here the expression profile of MDM-2 and p53 proteins in 87 cases of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) as detected by immunoblot analysis. The MDM-2 proteins (p57, p59, p67, and p90) were found to be overexpressed in different combinations in 56/87 (64%) of cases of CLL when compared with normal volunteers. The MDM-2 protein p57 was predominantly overexpressed 46/87 (53%) in CLL. In 22/87 (25%) cases of CLL p57 was overexpressed alone, and in 24/87 (28%) cases it was co-overexpressed with other MDM-2 proteins p59/p67/p90. Six of the 87 cases of CLL showed overexpression of the tumor suppressor protein p53 by immunoblot analysis, and five of those cases also co-overexpress MDM-2 protein p57. No statistically significant correlation of MDM-2 protein overexpression to clinical disease stage and history of previous chemotherapy of CLL patients has been found. However, considering the oncogenic potential of overexpressed MDM-2 proteins, a possible role of MDM-2 proteins in the promotion of CLL disease remains to be evaluated.

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