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J Biol Chem. 1997 Mar 21;272(12):7570-3.

Model for XPC-independent transcription-coupled repair of pyrimidine dimers in humans.

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Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, School of Medicine, CB 7260, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7260, USA.


In humans, DNA lesions such as pyrimidine dimers in the template strand of genes transcribed by RNA polymerase II are repaired faster than those in the coding strand and nontranscribed regions of the genome. This phenomenon, referred to as transcription-coupled repair (i) requires active transcription, (ii) does not require the XPC gene product which is essential for general/basal repair reactions, and (iii) requires the CSA and CSB proteins. We have developed an in vitro model system that consists of purified human excision repair factors and a DNA substrate analogous to a transcription bubble terminating at a cyclobutane thymine dimer. In this system the thymine dimer was excised independent of XPC. Furthermore, the thymine dimer in the bubble-containing substrate was removed approximately 3-fold faster by the excision repair nuclease reconstituted with or without XPC, compared with the removal of thymine dimer from a base paired duplex by the entire set of excision nuclease factors. These results provide important insight into the mechanism of transcription-coupled repair in humans.

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