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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1997 Mar;82(3):851-5.

Lack of relationship between vitamin D receptor genotype and forearm bone gain in healthy children, adolescents, and young adults.

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1
Center for Clinical Osteoporosis Research, Haugesund, Norway.

Abstract

Recent studies have suggested that genetic effects on bone mineral density (BMD) are related to allelic variation in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene. We examined 1) allelic influences of the VDR gene on BMD of the forearm, spine, hip, and whole body; and 2) allelic influences of the VDR gene on forearm BMD gain. Two hundred and seventy-three healthy boys and girls, aged 8.2-16.5 yr, at baseline were eligible. Forearm BMD was assessed with single photon absorptiometry at baseline. BMD gain was calculated as the annual percent change in BMD measured by single photon absorptiometry from the baseline and after 3.8 +/- 0.1 (+/-SD) yr. Calcium intake and physical activity were assessed by a detailed questionnaire at baseline and after 1 yr. VDR alleles were determined by BsaMI endonuclease restriction fragment analysis after PCR amplification. No significant differences in forearm BMD gain or in BMD assessed at the forearm, spine, hip, and whole body were observed among the three VDR genotypes. These findings did not change after adjusting for environmental factors such as calcium intake and physical activity or age, weight, height, and changes in weight and height during the observation period. In conclusion, our data do not support the idea that VDR genotypes are related to BMD gain or to BMD at the forearm, hip, spine, and whole body in healthy boys and girls, aged 8-21 yr. VDR genotyping is probably of little use for the detection of individuals who would benefit from increased calcium and physical activity to increase their peak bone densities.

PMID:
9062495
DOI:
10.1210/jcem.82.3.3814
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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