Send to

Choose Destination
Br J Cancer. 1997;75(6):850-4.

An anti-cancer derivative of butyric acid (pivalyloxmethyl buterate) and daunorubicin cooperatively prolong survival of mice inoculated with monocytic leukaemia cells.

Author information

Department of Chemotherapy, Saitama Cancer Research Institute, Ina, Japan.


A derivative of butyric acid, pivalyloxymethyl butyrate (AN-9), inhibited the proliferation and induced apoptosis of mouse monocytic leukaemia Mm-A cells, although sodium butyrate, but not AN-9, induced differentiation of the cells. AN-9 and DNA-specific antineoplastic agents synergistically inhibited the growth of Mm-A cells, and the simultaneous treatment was required to evoke the maximum growth-inhibitory effect. On the other hand, there was no synergy between butyrate and the drugs, or AN-9 and anti-metabolic agents in inhibiting the growth of the cells, suggesting that the synergistic effect is specific to AN-9 and DNA-reacting agents. AN-9 as a single agent prolonged the survival of mice inoculated with Mm-A cells in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, administration of AN-9 plus daunorubicin (DNR) markedly prolonged their survival. These results suggest that combination with AN-9 and DNR entails an obvious therapeutic potential.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center