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Br J Cancer. 1997;75(6):804-9.

The novel anti-oestrogen idoxifene inhibits the growth of human MCF-7 breast cancer xenografts and reduces the frequency of acquired anti-oestrogen resistance.

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1
Department of Academic Biochemistry, Royal Marsden Hospital, London, UK.

Abstract

The effect of idoxifene, a novel anti-oestrogen with less agonist activity than tamoxifen, was compared with that of tamoxifen on the growth of hormone-dependent MCF-7 breast cancer xenografts. Forty tumours were established with oestradiol support in ovariectomized athymic mice, allowed to grow to a median volume of 420 mm3 and then continued with oestradiol, no support, tamoxifen or idoxifene delivered by 1.5-cm silastic capsule. Tumour regression occurred with both anti-oestrogens, although maximum regression was observed following oestradiol withdrawal alone. While prolonged anti-oestrogen therapy was associated with static growth, tumour volumes were significantly lower with idoxifene (P=0.01). After 6 months, 0/10 idoxifene-treated tumours developed acquired resistance compared with 3/10 tumours treated with tamoxifen. In separate experiments, 94 animals were treated initially with oestradiol, tamoxifen, idoxifene or placebo following implantation with 1-mm3 pieces of either wild-type (WT) or tamoxifen-resistant (TR) MCF-7 tumour. After 4 months, only 1/11 WT tumours became established with idoxifene compared with 4/11 with tamoxifen, 8/12 with oestradiol and 0/12 with placebo. Likewise, fewer TR tumours were supported by idoxifene (3/12) than by tamoxifen (8/12) or oestrogen (11/12). These data indicate that, compared with tamoxifen, idoxifene shows reduced growth support of MCF-7 xenografts and may share only partial cross-resistance. Furthermore, the development of acquired anti-oestrogen resistance may be reduced during long-term idoxifene therapy. The drug's reduced agonist activity may, in part, explain these observations and indicate a preferable biochemical profile for breast cancer treatment.

PMID:
9062399
PMCID:
PMC2063408
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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