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JAMA. 1997 Mar 19;277(11):899-903.

Optical immunoassay test for group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis. An office-based, multicenter investigation.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the accuracy of an optical immunoassay (OIA) for the rapid diagnosis of group A streptococcal pharyngitis with blood agar plate (BAP) culture.

DESIGN:

Blinded comparison with criterion standard.

SETTING:

A total of 6 private pediatricians' offices, 3 in Connecticut and 3 in Chicago, III.

PATIENTS:

A total of 2113 consecutive patients with acute pharyngitis, 983 in Connecticut and 1130 in Chicago.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The sensitivities and specificities of OIA and BAP culture (both performed and interpreted in the office) were determined using a research laboratory's interpretation of a combination of BAP culture and Todd-Hewitt broth (THB) culture of transport tube pledget as criterion standard.

RESULTS:

Among patients in Connecticut, the sensitivities of the OIA and BAP culture were 94% and 89%, respectively (P=.004), while the specificities were 96% and 99%, respectively (P=.001). Among patients in Chicago, the sensitivities of the OIA and BAP culture were 79% and 72%, respectively (P<.001), while the specificities were 89% and 99%, respectively (P<.001). In each of the 6 pediatricians' offices, the OIA was more sensitive than the BAP culture. Combining the data from Connecticut and Chicago, the overall sensitivities of the OIA and BAP culture were 84% and 78%, respectively (P<.001), while the specificities were 93% and 99%, respectively (P<.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

The results of this comprehensive office-based investigation suggest that with adequately trained personnel, negative OIA test results may not always need to be routinely confirmed with BAP cultures.

PMID:
9062328
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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