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Obes Res. 1997 Jan;5(1):9-15.

Preadipocyte recruitment in stromal vascular cultures after depletion of committed preadipocytes by immunocytotoxicity.

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Department of Foods and Nutrition, University of Georgia, Athens, USA.


Glucocorticoids or the glucocorticoid analog dexamethasone (DEX) enhances the differentiation of preadipocytes in the presence of insulin and influences preadipocyte proliferation. The purpose of the present study was to determine if DEX can induce the recruitment of preadipocytes. Using monoclonal antibodies for complement-mediated cytotoxicity, preadipocytes were removed from porcine stromal vascular (S-V) cell cultures. Our experiments demonstrated for the first time that after removal of preadipocytes by cytotoxicity, preadipocytes or fat cells could be induced by DEX or DEX plus insulin but not by insulin alone. However, many more fat cells were induced (258 +/- 15/unit area) when DEX was added with fetal bovine serum (FBS) followed with insulin treatment, compared to DEX with insulin (21.3 +/- 5.1/ unit area) after removal of preadipocytes. Immunocytochemistry with AD-3, a preadipocyte marker, showed that DEX with FBS for 3 days after seeding (i.e., the proliferation phase) produced many more preadipocytes (AD-3 positive, 223 +/- 45/unit area) than FBS alone (10.5 +/- 1.4/unit area). Bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation assays demonstrated that the efficiency of DEX with FBS (i.e., during proliferation) was mitosis dependent. Accordingly, we conclude that: porcine S-V cultures contain preadipocytes at different stages of differentiation; and that DEX induced early preadipocyte differentiation depends on mitosis.

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