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J Am Coll Cardiol. 1997 Mar 1;29(3):665-70.

An institutional experience with second- and third-stage palliative procedures for hypoplastic left heart syndrome: the impact of the bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt.

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1
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study was to perform a retrospective analysis of an institutional experience with a consecutive series of patients with post-stage I palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS).

BACKGROUND:

In a recent review of 212 consecutive patients who underwent stage I operations for HLHS at our institution between 1983 and 1993, we identified risk factors related to stage I mortality. We sought to examine the outcome for these patients at subsequent palliative procedures.

METHODS:

All patients who underwent stage I reconstruction between January 1983 and June 1993 and also underwent subsequent palliation at our institution were included. Seventy patients underwent palliative procedures and two underwent heart transplantation. Patient-specific factors and features of the stage II operation were analyzed for impact on stage II mortality and actuarial survival.

RESULTS:

The only independent risk factor for stage II mortality was the performance of a nonfenestrated Fontan operation (p < 0.001). There were nine in-hospital deaths (69%) in the 13 patients undergoing the nonfenestrated Fontan procedure at stage II. Fifty patients underwent intermediate superior vena cava to pulmonary artery anastomosis at stage II, with 4 (8%) early deaths. Pulmonary artery augmentation was performed in 19 patients (38%) at stage II, without increased operative risk. Hypoplastic left heart syndrome anatomic subtype did not influence stage II mortality. The modified fenestrated Fontan procedure has been performed as a third stage in 32 patients whose median age was 28.7 months, with one early death at a median follow-up of 24.5 months.

CONCLUSIONS:

A second-stage bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis for HLHS reduces second-stage mortality and improves intermediate survival. The modified fenestrated Fontan operation may then be performed as a final palliative stage with low operative risk.

PMID:
9060909
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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