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J Rheumatol. 1997 Mar;24(3):579-85.

Juvenile fibromyalgia: clinical and polysomnographic aspects.

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1
Department of Rheumatology, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To identify the child-mother diagnostic correlation in fibromyalgia (FM), to study sleep disturbance in juvenile FM, and to compare clinical aspects and sleep disorders between these groups.

METHODS:

We studied 34 children with confirmed FM aged 11 +/- 1 years, 10 children with diffuse pain, and 17 age and sex matched asymptomatic controls. The respective 61 mothers were included: 34 asymptomatic and 27 with FM. All participants were subjected to clinical evaluation, a sleep questionnaire, and nocturnal polysomnography, preceded by a night of adaptation. Sleep scoring was done visually and a computerized analysis was performed for alpha, theta, and delta waves in slow wave sleep (SWS).

RESULTS:

A significant predominance of mothers with FM was observed in the group of children with FM (71%) compared to children with diffuse pain (30%) and asymptomatic children (0%). According to the sleep questionnaire, the complaints of superficial sleep and nonrestorative sleep were more prominent in mothers with FM than in children with FM, whereas motor agitation during sleep was more frequent in the children with FM. Polysomnographic anomalies were also more prominent in mothers with FM than in children with FM in terms of decrease in sleep efficiency, increase of number of arousals during sleep, and alpha intrusion in SWS. Both FM groups presented an increased alpha + theta time/delta time index during SWS compared to respective controls, and mothers with FM also showed an increase in alpha time/delta time index during SWS, compared to asymptomatic mothers. A correlation was found between alpha + theta time/delta time index during SWS and intensity of clinical manifestations of pain and sleep anomalies in children and their mothers.

CONCLUSION:

Significant concordance was observed regarding FM diagnosis in children and their mothers. Sleep complaints and polysomnography findings were less prominent in affected children compared to mothers with FM. In addition, we observed a significant correlation between polysomnographic indexes, sleep anomalies, and pain manifestations in children and their mothers.

PMID:
9058669
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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