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Semin Speech Lang. 1997 Feb;18(1):25-37; quiz 38.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease and dysphagia in children.

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Department of Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania, USA.


Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common problem in children that is sometimes associated with dysphagia. Choking, food refusal, and food "getting stuck" are non-specific symptoms that may arise consequent to reflux and esophagitis. Swallowing plays a role in reflux physiology, functioning as a major clearance mechanism after reflux episodes. Therefore, failure of swallowing to effectively perform that function contributes to reflux pathophysiology. The diagnosis and treatment of GERD in children must be carried out systematically and thoroughly. Multiple interacting factors are common, thus complicating the process.

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