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Blood. 1997 Mar 1;89(5):1590-8.

Tyrosine phosphorylation and p72syk activation by an anti-glycoprotein Ib monoclonal antibody.

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  • 1First Department of Internal Medicine, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, Japan.


NNKY5-5, an IgG monoclonal antibody directed against the von Willebrand factor-binding domain of glycoprotein (GP) Ib alpha, induced weak but irreversible aggregation (or association) of platelets in citrate-anticoagulated platelet-rich plasma. This phenomenon was defined as small aggregate formation (SAF). Platelets in hirudin-anticoagulated plasma or washed platelets showed little response to NNKY5-5 alone, but the antibody potentiated aggregation induced by low concentrations of adenosine diphosphate or platelet-activating factor. NNKY5-5 did not induce granule release or intracellular Ca2+ mobilization. However, NNKY5-5 caused tyrosine phosphorylation of a 64-kD protein and activation of a tyrosine kinase, p72syk. An anti-Fc gamma II receptor antibody had no effect on SAF, suggesting that NNKY5-5 activated platelets by interacting with glycoprotein Ib. Fab' fragments of NNKY5-5 did not induce SAF, but potentiated aggregation induced by other agonists. The Fab' fragment of NNKY5-5 induced the activation of p72syk, suggesting that such activation was independent of the Fc gamma II receptor. Cross-linking of the receptor-bound Fab' fragment of NNKY5-5 with a secondary antibody induced SAF. GRGDS peptide, chelation of extracellular Ca2+, and an anti-GPIIb/IIIa antibody inhibited NNKY5-5-induced SAF, but had no effect on 64-kD protein tyrosine phosphorylation or p72syk activations. Various inhibitors, including aspirin and protein kinase C, had no effect on SAF, protein tyrosine phosphorylation, or p72syk activation. In contrast, tyrphostin 47, a potent tyrosine kinase inhibitor, inhibited NNKY5-5-induced SAF as well as tyrosine phosphorylation and p72syk activation. Our findings suggest that binding of NNKY5-5 to GPIb potentiates platelet aggregation by facilitating the interaction between fibrinogen and GPIIb/IIIa through a mechanism associated with p72syk activation and tyrosine phosphorylation of a 64-kD protein.

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