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Anal Biochem. 1997 Feb 15;245(2):133-40.

A chemiluminescent flow sensing device for determination of choline and phospholipase D activity in biological samples.

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Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague, Czech Republic.


A chemiluminescent flow-sensing device for the determination of phospholipase D (PLD) activity and/or choline (Ch) in biological samples using choline oxidase (ChO) and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) immobilized on Eupergit C (polymer beads of methacrylamide, N-methylene-bis-methacrylamide, and allyl-glycidyl-ether) was developed. The best results were obtained with immobilized ChO and HRP at a polymer beads wet weight ratio of 16:1. The optimized parameters of the developed sensing device were 56 microM luminol in working solution; sample volume, 60 microliters; flow rate, 0.3 ml/min; and sample throughput, 15/h. The detection limit (3 SD) using a luminescent enhancer was 1.2 microM for Ch, corresponding to 0.167 mIU of PLD activity per milliliter. Without enhancer the values were 3.0 microM and 0.417 mIU, respectively. The Ch recovery varied between 80.4 and 109%. The biological samples quenched the luminescent light to different extents, and this matrix effect was readily overcome by measuring the luminescent signal of added Ch standard. The flow biosensor was used for the determination of PLD in samples of different origin, including rape seeds during maturation.

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