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Am J Vet Res. 1997 Mar;58(3):260-4.

Prevalence of intestinal chlamydial infection in pigs in the midwest, as determined by immunoperoxidase staining.

Author information

1
Department of Diagnostic Medicine/Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan 66506, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine prevalence of intestinal chlamydial infection in pigs and to compare prevalence of diarrhea in infected pigs with that in noninfected pigs to evaluate the importance of Chlamydia sp as causes of diarrhea in pigs. ANIMALS AND PROCEDURES: Intestines from 351 sick pigs submitted to 2 veterinary diagnostic laboratories and from 96 healthy pigs that were part of an Escherichia coli susceptibility study were examined by immunoperoxidase staining for chlamydial antigen. The proportion of Chlamydia-infected pigs in each group was calculated and compared. The proportion of Chlamydia-infected pigs with diarrhea was compared with the proportion of noninfected pigs with diarrhea.

RESULTS:

15% of the sick and healthy pigs were infected with Chlamydia sp. Prevalence of diarrhea was equal between infected and noninfected pigs. Chlamydia sp were the third most common pathogens identified, and prevalence of chlamydial infection increased after 3 weeks of age.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE:

Intestinal chlamydiosis is common in commercial pigs, but most, if not all, infections are subclinical Without collaborative evidence, simply identifying Chlamydia sp in feces or the intestinal tract of pigs with enteritis or diseases of other organ systems should not be considered proof that the organism caused the clinical signs of disease.

PMID:
9055971
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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