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Clin Lab Haematol. 1996 Dec;18(4):241-4.

Frequency of delta+ 27-thalassaemia in Sardinians.

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Istituto CNR per lo Studio della Patologia del Sangue e degli Organi Emopoietici, Università di Sassari, Italy.


To determine the incidence of delta+ 27 thalassaemia in Northern Sardinia we examined blood samples from 750 Sardinian schoolboys by PCR-based molecular analysis. The incidence of delta+ 27 mutation was 1.2% in this study, i.e. twice as high as previously described on the basis of phenotypical studies; the frequency of the beta-thalassaemia is 10.5% and their interaction has been calculated at 0.0003. The majority of delta+ 27 carriers are characterized by a HbA2 level lower than 1.9% and the mean HbA2 level is significantly lower than in normal subjects. All compound heterozygotes for delta+ 27 and beta-thalassaemia show a silent beta-thalassaemic phenotype related to normalization of their HbA2 levels. This study suggests that delta+ 27 thalassaemia should be borne in mind in counselling at-risk couples in which one member has the typical high HbA2 beta-thal trait while the other shows normal or borderline HbA2 level. In these subjects, PCR-based ECO O 109 I digestion of the delta globin gene allows rapid detection of the delta+ 27 mutation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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